VC & NVA Weapons

French MAT-49 9mm Sub-Machine Gun

French MAT-49 Sub-Machine Gun

MAT-49 submachine gun was developed at the French state arms factory MAT (Manufacture Nationale d'Armes de Tulle) in the late 1940s, and was adopted by the Armee de Terre (French Army) in 1949. First batches were delivered in 1950, and production of the MAT-49 continued at Tulle until mid-1960s, when it was transferred to the MAS factory at the St. Etienne. Production was ceased in about 1979, when French army officially adopted the FAMAS assault rifle.
For some 30 years the MAT-49 was widely used by French military and police forces, and it was brought through the Indo-China and Algeria campaigns, and it still could be encountered in ex-French colonies in Africa and Indo-China. It should be noted that North Vietnamese once produced local copy of the MAT-49, chambered for 7.62mm TT round. MAT-49 is no longer used by French army, but still can be sometimes seen in the hands of the police and gendarmerie officers. For police use, MAT also produced a specialized version, known as MAT-49/54. This was fitted with longer barrel and with selective fire mechanism with dual triggers.
The Communists captured many 9mm sub machine guns from the French. These were converted to take the 7.62mmx25mm cartridge by fitting a longer barrel.

Type: Sub Machine Gun
Place of Origin: France
In Service: 1949
Designed: Unknown
Produced: 1956 to present
Weight: 3.63Kg
Length: (Stock retracted) 404 mm
Length: (Stock Extended) 660 mm
Barrel Length: 230 mm (5.75 in).
Cartridge: 9 mm Parabellum
Rate of Fire: 600r/min
Muzzle velocity: 390 m/s (1,280 ft/.s)
Effective Range: 100 m
Feed System: 20 or 32 rounds box magazine

French soldier holding a MAT-49
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